The Quranic Taxonomy

Muhammad Abdullah Javed
May 20, 2020

One of the distinguish features of the Noble Quran is that it presents different sorts of classifications. It is quite evident as one of the names of the Quran is Furqan that is it differentiates between things through its unique style of classification. The Quran openly proclaims the difference between right and wrong, truth and falsehood, literate and illiterate, light and darkness and so on. The system of Quranic taxonomy has a pivotal element with regard to ranking of human beings. It classifies them into two groups, one, who is honorable in the sight of their Creator and the second, disliked by Him.

This Quranic approach of classification is quite genuine, void of all sorts of bias. Since humans have no say in their birth, color or region, therefore the Quran doesn’t recognize these parameters to classify two groups of people.

The crux of Quranic taxonomy rests with the human ability which has been equally distributed among all humans. In terms of abilities to perform, barring those tasks performed with exceptional talents, all humans are equal. This is where Quran draws a line and specify who is most honorable in the sight of their Creator, it says:

 O mankind, We created you from one man and one woman, and then divided you into nations and tribes so that you may recognize one another. Indeed, the most honorable among you in the sight of Allah is he who is the most pious of you. Surely, Allah is All-knowing, All-Wise. (Chapter 49, Verse 13).

Criterion of judgement

To be most righteous in the sight of God, one has to be of pious nature. The Quran uses term Taqwa (a sense of distinguishing between right and wrong, piety) to exemplify the pious nature. It further specifies that the source of pious nature - Taqwa is an inherent quality of human beings. Along with the faculties of hearing, seeing and speaking they have been bestowed with (Taqwa) the criterion of distinguishing between virtues and vices, it has been mentioned in the Quran as:

And by the human self and by Him Who balanced it, then inspired it with its wickedness and piety (Chapter 91, Verses 7 & 8).

Good deeds and human nature

With the advent of human race on earth, the equation has been set in simple terms. Humans have to be obedient to their Creator by means of using their intellect, smart enough to use their ability to judge between right and wrong and spend their lives in performing good deeds. For this very reason God has created life and death:

Who created death and life that He may try you to see which of you is best in deeds, and He is All-Mighty as well as All-Forgiving (Chapter 67, Verse 2)

Since life is all about performing good deeds, the ability to perform any good action has been made as natural as recognizing any color with naked eyes. It is within the reach of a person to identify the difference between colors, so is his criterion of judgement that tells what to perform and what to refrain from?

Good actions have been synchronized with human nature whereas evil deeds are quite detrimental, that’s why there is a universal consensus over the conception of virtues and vices. No one can dare to differ with virtues like truth, justice and honesty etc, and no one appreciates vices like falsehood, violations and corruption. With this inherent ability of humans to identify good and bad, the concept of virtues and vices has been described with the same bent of human intellect, there is no philosophical and ideological kind of description to tell what truth and falsehood are, it is as simple as this:

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: Give up what is doubtful to you for that which is not doubtful; for truth is peace of mind and falsehood is doubt (Tirmidhi)

Highway of actions

The Quran presents a highway of actions for everyone who believes in it and intend to be most honorable in the sight of the Creator. For each and every day, there is a definite plan of action to go ahead with it to please the Creator. Again, for every week and month, there are clear specifications with regard to individual and collective actions. So no place for claims and reservations, no place for any excuse either, things have been made clear. For a person to be honored, he has to be man of deeds, that’s it. Every person has fair chances of performing better, as the life has been given, criterion of judgement between right and wrong has been given, and plan of action has been provided with. Now one has to energize himself for everyday action and try to set right the intention.

Difference in human efficiencies

No doubt there are differences in human abilities and efficiencies, one may argue about the quality and magnitude of actions. Those who are of high efficiency may perform well and those who are inefficient may not? True, to convince what Quran emphasizes is, God doesn’t look at the magnitude of an action, rather He sees with what intention in what circumstances it has been performed? If any person keep fast in scorching heat for more than 16 hours a day will get high rewards compare to the one who fast less than 10 hours a day at a cold place. Again, if the intention is to please the God, than every action, no matter how small or big it is in its scale, will fetch rich dividends. A poor’s donation of few rupees will be equal in rewards as compare to what a millionaire gets by donating thousands of rupees from his enormous wealth. The act of charity has demanded sacrifice; both of them have sacrificed in accordance with their capacities. Therefore upon asking whose charity is noble in the sight of God, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: The charity of poor person who tries hard to get few rupees from his hard earn money to donate in the way of God (NasaiBook of Hadith).

The Quranic taxonomy of human is quite justifiable as every human bear testimony to its genuine and unbiased classification through what we term as actions. Therefore the world has to witness a race between men and women to see who can compete with others in order to please their Creator?

Whosoever acts righteously – whether a man or a woman and embraces belief, We will surely grant him a good life; and will surely grant such persons their reward according to the best of their deeds. (Chapter 16, Verse 97)

God-oriented actions, privilege for the Humanity

It’s very unpleasant to notice that in today’s world the parameters like statuses, resources and wealth have been regarded as privilege and honor for both humans and their societies. No doubt they are, but not at the cost of losing the very essence of human nature and sacrificing its interest. Today’s advancements speak of this dark phase where the height of inventions and discoveries touching the skies while the dignity and honor of humans have gone to the lowest of the low. The ever increasing poverty, hunger, untimely deaths, different forms of corruption in the land, violation of human rights are just to remind a few. The presence of rich and poor, highs and lows in the society speaks of disparity of actions, lack of selfless service and hearts void of God’s love and fear.

The beauty of humanity is to remain in the service of God and always stand on the toes to help those who are in need. This God-oriented action enables every doer to be dear to his God as the classification of good and the bad is purely based on the actions performed for the sake of the Creator:

Everyone is assigned a rank according to his deed. Your Lord is not heedless of what they do (Chapter 6, Verse 132).

 

Muhammad Abdullah Javed is the Director of AJ Academy for Research & Development. He can be reached at [email protected]

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News Network
September 26,2020

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Mangaluru, Sept 26: The meteorological department has declared a yellow alert on September 26 and 27 in the coastal districts of Karnataka.

According to the metrological department, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada and Udupi districts will receive between 64.5mm to 115.5mm of rains these two days.

The department has issued a yellow alert for September 26 in Bidar, Dharwad, Gadag, Kalaburagi, Raichur, Vijayapura and Yadagiri districts.

As southwest monsoon is active in coastal districts, torrential rainfall is expected in coastal districts. Rains have receded in southern interior parts of the state.

A few places in districts like Ballari, Bengaluru rural, Bengaluru city, Chitradurga, Mandya, Mysuru and Shivamogga might get some rainfall along with thunder and lightning.

In Uttara Kannada district, Karwar and Kadra received 11.7 centimetres of rain on Friday, September 25 while Gokarna received 5 centimetres, Bhatkal centimetre, Kollur and Manki received 3 centimetres, Castle Rock, Bidar and Agumbe received 2 centimetres each.

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News Network
September 18,2020

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Kasargod, Sep 18: A 26-year-old NRI, hailing from Kasargod district has killed self in Ajman, United Arab Emirates.

The deceased has been identified as Shrilal, son of Salem Kumar from Nileshwar in Kasaragod..

Shrilal was a local cricketer who had played for Kasaragod district teams in tournaments for age groups of 14, 16 and 19. He had also played for a few teams in the UAE.

He first visited UAE in 2017 and returned after a short stay.

This month he again visited UAE and started his profession as an assistant coach for a cricket team in Sharjah.

Last week he secured a new job and was about to join the firm.

However, late on September 16 night, he reportedly killed self by hanging inside his room in Ajman.

The reason for resorting to the extreme step is not yet known.

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News Network
September 25,2020

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Bengaluru, Sept 25: Farmers, members of about 32 Associations, on Friday staged nationwide Highway Bandh call on Friday demanding withdrawal of the amendment to Land Revenue Act and APMC Act passed in the Parliament.

The protest and blocking of roads was called by Ryot, Dalit, Labourers Aikya Horata Samithi- a collective of 35 farmers, Dalit and trade unions by blocking the major highways affected the movement of regular traffic resulting in slow moving traffic at Nayandahalli and Goragunte Palya junction.

However, police intervened and took back the agitating farmers back to Freedom Park, the venue of the agitation.

Sugarcane growers blocked the Mysuru and Tumakuru Road shouting slogans against the anti-farmer, anti-Dalit and anti-labourers stand by the state and the centre. Traffic police were busy diverting traffic leading in and out of Bengaluru on alternate routes. As a result major highways witnessed slow-moving traffic and gridlocks.

Protests were also reported from Mysuru, Davanagere,. Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga, Tumkuru, Mandya, Chamarajangara. Kodagu, Hassan Districts.

In Kalburgi district farmers formed a massive human chain blocking movement of vehicles on Highways passing through the District.

Police, deployed in large numbers, were busy diverting vehicles on alternate routes.

No untoward incident reported from any part of the State and the situation is under control, police sources said.

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