‘We are not Wahhabis...’

By Dr Hussain Madavoor (translated by P A Hameed Padubidri)
December 24, 2018

We were welcomed to Diriyah hall on visiting to Janadriyah Festival. Diriyah is the key place in the history of Saudi Arabia. Present Riyadh is the old Najd. 

The Saudi Arabia's founder monarch, Imam Muhammad bin Saud had begun his rule from Diriyah in Najd in 1744. Great Islamic scholar Sheikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab strongly backed Imam bin Saud in religious matters. Thus, the first Saudi Arabian nation came into existence. 

The duo reached a pact. According to the pact, the state affairs were allotted to the Saud family (Al-Saud), whereas the religious affairs were handed to the scholars of Ibn Abdul Wahhab (Alu Sheikh) family.

The regime was agreed to be based on Quran and Sunnah. Promotion of Tauheed and prevention of Shirk were the main agenda. Their objective was to make Islah (betterment) depending upon the way of Salafussaliheen (pious predecessors).

In order to prevent the movement spread-headed by the duo, the British cooked up a plan claiming that they were (Al-Saud & Alu Sheikh Families) not real Muslims and they were deviated Wahhabis. 

Abdul Wahhab bin Rustam, who was born in Tiaret, Algeria in Hijirah 2nd century and founded his own Wahhabism Ibadi movement, who belonged to Khawarijite, was a propagator of deviated creed. The scholars of that time had declared that Rustam and his followers were Kharijites and of veered sect. This sect, which had emerged during 2nd & 3rd century, was recognized as deviated Wahhabis. This fact is elucidated by Sheikh Muhammad bin Saad Al-Shuweir in his book titled Correction of a Historical Misunderstanding Concerning the Wahhabiyyah  (تصحيح خطأ تاريخي حول الوهابية للشيخ محمد بن سعد الشويعر) in which it is declared to be a secession from Quran and Sunnah.

Unfortunately, the same name was attributed to the reformist methodical movement of the great scholar (Ibn Abdul Wahhab) of 11th century. It has nothing to do with Sheikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab at all. In fact, it was a cruel assault on the history itself and a systematic scheme concocted by the British.

Besides, the colonial forces labelled the Muslims, who led the Indian freedom fight against the British, as Wahhabis thereby they conspired to separate them from the general Muslims. That deviated sect (Abdulwahhab Rustam) can be called as Wahhabis that is attributed to its leader, Abdulwahhab Rustam. Nowhere it is linked with the Manhajussalaf propagated by Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab.

However, it can be corrected by denotation only if we call "Muhammadee" movement since it was led by Muhammad s/o Abdul Wahhab. Because, it's linguistically wrong to attach one's attributes, which lies within him, to his father. That’s the reason why, the Saudi scholars still reiterate that “we are not wahhabis.”

It’s clearly stated in the publication published by the Saudi Arabian Awqaf that this nomenclature (Wahhabis) is incorrect in historical and linguistic point of view. "I am not an innovator of any new idea & I am purely a man of Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamah & adhere to Hanbali school of thought," Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab himself declared it. 

Saudi Arabia is still a Good Samaritan for the Islahi functionaries across the world including India. I remembered the history of 'the great journey' that started from Diriyah when I was sitting in the Diriyah hall. 

About the author: Hussain Madavoor is the Kerala State Coordinator in the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Govt of India and President for Asian chapter in World Association of Humanitarian Organizations. He is the general secretary of All India Islahi Movement, and vice president of Kerala Nadvathul Mujahideen.

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of coastaldigest.com and coastaldigest.com does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.

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shaik mangalore
 - 
Tuesday, 5 Feb 2019

there is no diriya or festivel in islam except 2 eid.

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News Network
March 31,2021

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India has slipped 28 places to rank 140th among 156 countries in the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Report 2021, becoming the third-worst performer in South Asia.

According to the report, India has closed 62.5 per cent of its gender gap till date.

The country had ranked 112th among 153 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index 2020.

Noting that the decline also took place on the economic participation and opportunity subindex, albeit to a lesser extent, the report said India's gender gap on this dimension widened by 3 per cent this year, leading to a 32.6 per cent gap closed till date.

Most of the decline occurred on the political empowerment subindex, where India regressed 13.5 percentage points, with a significant decline in the number of women ministers (from 23.1 per cent in 2019 to 9.1 per cent in 2021).

"Among the drivers of this decline is a decrease in women's labour force participation rate, which fell from 24.8 per cent to 22.3 per cent. In addition, the share of women in professional and technical roles declined further to 29.2 per cent. The share of women in senior and managerial positions also remains low: only 14.6 per cent of these positions are held by women and there are only 8.9 per cent firms with female top managers," the report said.

Further, the estimated earned income of women in India is only one-fifth of men's, which puts the country among the bottom 10 globally on this indicator, it said.

Discrimination against women is also reflected in the health and survival subindex statistics. With 93.7 per cent of this gap closed to date, India ranks among the bottom five countries in this subindex.

Wide gaps in sex ratio at birth are due to the high incidence of gender-based sex-selective practices. In addition, more than one in four women has faced intimate violence in her lifetime, the report said.

"Conversely, 96.2 per cent of the educational attainment subindex gender gap has been closed, with parity achieved in primary, secondary and tertiary education. Yet, gender gaps persist in terms of literacy: one third of women are illiterate (34.2 per cent) compared to 17.6 per cent of men," it added.

Among India's neighbours, Bangladesh ranked 65, Nepal 106, Pakistan 153, Afghanistan 156, Bhutan 130 and Sri Lanka 116.

Among regions, South Asia is the second-lowest performer on the index, with 62.3 per cent of its overall gender gap closed.

"Within the region, a wide gulf separates the best-performing country, Bangladesh, which has closed 71.9 per cent of its gender gap so far, from Afghanistan, which has only closed 44.4 per cent of its gap.

"India is the third-worst performer in the region, having closed 62.5 per cent of its gap. Because of its large population, India's performance has a substantial impact on the region's overall performance," the report said.

In South Asia, only Pakistan and Afghanistan ranked below India.

The report stated that India, home to 0.65 billion women, has widened its gender gap from almost 66.8 per cent one year ago to 62.5 per cent this year.

In Pakistan and Afghanistan, the income of an average woman is below 16 per cent of that of an average man, while in India it is 20.7 per cent, it said.

As the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic continues to be felt, the global gender gap has increased by a generation from 99.5 years to 135.6 years, the report noted.

Now in its 15th year, the report benchmarks the evolution of gender-based gaps in four areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment. It also examines the drivers of gender gaps and outlines the policies and practices needed for a gender-inclusive recovery.

For the 12th time, Iceland is the most gender-equal country in the world. The top 10 most gender-equal countries include Finland, Norway, New Zealand, Rwanda, Sweden, Ireland and Switzerland.

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News Network
April 1,2021

The Jammu and Kashmir High Court has granted three more weeks to government authorities to respond to a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) seeking the introduction of Islamic banking in the Union Territory (UT).

A division bench of Chief Justice Pankaj Mithal and Justice Sindhu Sharma Chief while hearing the PIL filed by a non-governmental organisation (NGO) granted three more weeks to the Union Finance Ministry, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the UT government to respond to the contents of the PIL.

Advocate Zaffar Shah representing the J&K Bank informed the court that already a response has been filed by the bank with respect to the litigation.

Currently, there are no guidelines for Islamic banking, which is based on the principles of not charging interest.

The PIL filed in 2018 is seeking directions upon the union finance ministry for issuing necessary notification for the introduction of Sharia compliant windows (Islamic banking) as recommended by Deepak Mohanty Committee as well as in the light of a report of the inter-departmental group of the RBI.

The NGO, in its petition, submits that “majority of the citizens in Jammu and Kashmir are Muslims by faith and thus have a constitutional right to enjoy all avenues of development provided the same do not contravene the article of their faith”.

It has also sought direction to J&K Bank to take immediate steps for opening of Shariah compliant windows to accomplish the object of mass-level participation in Shariah banking.

“The J&K Bank Limited be directed to place the entire details of non-performing accounts (NPAs) before this court and the steps taken for recovery of the outstanding amount as the same is public money which cannot be allowed to be misappropriated either by the account holders or by the management of the said bank,” the plea reads.

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coastaldigest.com news network
March 30,2021

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Patna, Mar 30:  At least 41 persons were killed in different incidents, including group clashes and road accidents, during Holi in Bihar on Monday.

Five were killed in Patna reportedly due to personal enmity, while three children were charred to death in Gaya during the ‘Holika dahan’ event on Sunday night, said sources. They were cremated on Monday.

Three persons were shot dead in a clash over a land dispute in Madhubani, while six of a family died after their car collided with a truck near Gopalganj. The family was travelling to Bihar from Delhi to celebrate Holi with other family members.

Four were killed in two road mishaps in Samastipur reportedly due to drunk driving.

A woman in Buxar was shot when she opposed the vulgar Bhojpuri songs being played by some youths during Holi. One of the revelers shot her in the leg.

“The firing incident took place due to playing of obscene songs. We are investigating the matter,” said the DSP of Buxar, Gorakh Ram.

In another incident, a truck rammed into a sweet shop in Nalanda killing six people on the spot. They were making purchases for the Holi festival.

Two were killed in Sitamarhi a motorcycles accident and three persons, on motorcycles, died in Katihar in road accidents.

Police sources said two persons each were killed in Buxar, Jehanabad and Vaishali, while one person was killed in Lakhisarai when a pick-up van overturned. Three persons were killed in a road accident in Kaimur.

Even though Bihar has been declared a ‘dry’ state, drunk driving was reported on the occasion of Holi leading to several road accidents. At some places, clashes were reported ostensibly due to the forthcoming panchayat election in the state.

Meanwhile, six children were burnt alive in Araria after their huts caught fire when they were roasting corn.

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